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China’s embrace of green finance has been one of the key factors driving sustainability considerations to the top of the global financial policy agenda. In this post for the Sustainable Finance Leadership Series, Professor Wang Yao takes stock of the progress made since 2016 and identifies the steps that still need to be taken to bring finance in line with the country’s ambitions to build an ‘ecological civilisation’.To get more latest banking finance news, you can visit shine news official website.

In 2012, the Chinese government approved a far-reaching policy goal of building an ‘ecological civilization’. This goal is driven partly by the urgent need to clean up the consequences of rapid industrialisation, as well as by the desire to build a more harmonious growth model.

Realising this ambition requires green finance – the full range of financial services that support the environmental transformation of the economy and the efficient use of resources. The scale of capital required is immense: an estimated RMB 3–4 trillion (US$ 433–577 billion) each year in green investments from 2015 to 2020, according to research by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development.

The Guidelines for establishing the green financial system, a comprehensive plan to channel this investment, were released on 31 August 2016 by seven finance-related ministries and commissions, including the People’s Bank of China (PBOC). Four days later, the Chinese government hosted its first G20 summit in Hangzhou, where, for the first time in the G20’s history, all heads of state agreed on the shared goal of promoting green finance.
Unlike the Western ‘bottom-up’ approach, which rests on market innovation, China’s construction of a green financial system has a ‘top-down’ nature, based on government guidance, as epitomised by the 2016 Guidelines for establishing the green financial system and programmatic documents.

As the central bank, the PBOC has taken a number of steps to promote green financial development through a combination of macro-prudential and monetary policy. Since the third quarter of 2017, the PBOC has begun to incorporate green finance into the macro-prudential assessment system, including through positive incentives for commercial banks to increase their stock of green credit and boost green deposits to supplement green credit. In June 2018, the Bank decided to include green loans with an AA rating as collateral in the medium-term loan facility (MLF). And in July 2018, the PBOC issued the Green credit performance evaluation plan for banking deposit financial institutions (trial), which further refines the evaluation criteria for the green credit performance of banking financial institutions.

Building on the foundations laid in the green bond market, financial standards are maturing as well. In June 2017, the PBOC and other ministries and commissions jointly issued the country’s Financial industry standardisation system construction development plan (2016–2020). This plan includes ‘green financial standardisation’ as one of its main projects, with a focus on product standards, information disclosure standards and green credit rating standards for financial institutions.

China has also become a key advocate of promoting green finance internationally. Green finance was the only new topic that China added to the agenda of the G20 finance track when it held the presidency in 2016, with China co-chairing the Green Finance Study Group together with the UK. In addition, China was a founding member of the Central Banks and Supervisors Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS) and is a strong supporter of both the Sustainable Banking Network (SBN) and the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD). A critical issue for international green finance is the alignment of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, the world’s largest infrastructure programme, with high standards of environmental sustainability.

As China struggles to deal with the slowdown of the world’s second-largest economy, it has embarked on a new strategy of placing financial experts in provinces to manage risks and rebuild regional economies.To get more china finance news, you can visit shine news official website.

Since 2018, President Xi Jinping has put 12 former executives at state-run financial institutions or regulators in top posts across China's 31 provinces,regions and municipalities, including some who have grappled with banking and debt difficulties that have raised fears of financial meltdown.Only two top provincial officials had such financial background before the last big leadership reshuffle in 2012, according to Reuters research.

Among financial experts recently promoted is Beijing vice mayor Yin Yong, a former deputy central bank governor, and Shandong deputy provincial governor Liu Qiang, who rose through the country's biggest commercial banks, from Agricultural Bank of China to Bank of China.

Another newly promoted official, Chongqing vice mayor Li Bo, had until this year led the central bank's monetary policy department.

The appointments - overseeing economies larger than those of small countries - would appear to put those officials in the fast lane as China prepares a personnel reshuffle in 2022, when about half of the 25 members of the Politburo could be replaced, including Liu He, a vice-premier who is leading economic reform while doubling as chief negotiator in U.S. trade talks.Bankers are now in demand, as local governments are increasingly exposed to financial risks," said Chucheng Feng, a partner at Plenum, an independent research platform in Hong Kong.

"These ex-bankers and regulators are given the task of preventing and mitigating major financial risks."The appointments have come as economic growth has slowed to its weakest in nearly three decades, while government infrastructure investment has fallen.

Five regional banks were hit with management or liquidity problem this year, raising the prospect of devastating debt bombs lurking in unexpected corners."We need to be well prepared with contingency plans," the state Xinhua news agency said after a major annual economic meeting headed by Xi this month.

The economy faced "increasing downward economic pressure amid intertwined structural, institutional and cyclical problems", the news agency said.With pressures mounting, local governments are expecting to take the lead in managing their financial scares and cutting the cost of rescue with local intervention, analysts say.

"Appointing financial vice governors to provinces can help better integrate financial policies into local practice, and to prevent financial risks beforehand," said He Haifeng, director of Institute of Financial Policy at Chinese Academy of Social Science, a government think-tank.

"Such appointments have also showcased a change of manner in official appointments."

Spring Festival travel rush started Monday, unleashing China's largest seasonal migration of people as families reunite for the most important traditional holiday.To get more news about spring festival travel rush, you can visit shine news official website.
The travel rush began 15 days ahead of the Spring Festival, or Chinese Lunar New Year, which falls on Feb. 5 this year.
From Jan. 21 to March 1, nearly 3 billion trips are to be made via China's transport system, as people set off for family gatherings or tours.
China launched 10 new railways at the end of 2018, expanding its operational length of high-speed railways to 29,000 km.
The country's aviation authority plans to schedule 532,000 flights during the travel rush, an increase of 10 percent year on year.
MORE CONVENIENT
China's public transport system has introduced new technologies to increase efficiency during the travel rush.
In southern province of Guangdong, some railway stations pioneered "ticketless travel."
Starting on Monday, passengers can simply swipe their smart phones to board the inter-city high-speed railway connecting the provincial capital of Guangzhou and the technological powerhouse of Shenzhen.
Instead of buying tickets online and collecting them at the stations, travelers can pass ticket checks by scanning QR codes using their phones and pay afterward.
Huang Xiaozhong, deputy chief of the East Guangzhou Railway Station, said passengers can register the application via Alipay and get a QR code, which is valid for three hours.
"The QR payment only takes a few minutes, compared with 20 to 30 minutes for passengers to purchase, pick up the tickets and enter the station in the traditional way," said Wang Lihui, who is in charge of the station's ticket sales office.
Wang said the new payment method reduces crowding in front of ticket booths and ticket checking machines.
In Shanghai Municipality as well as Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces in eastern China, 464 ticket checking machines in railway and coach terminals allow swift passage with facial recognition technology to verify passengers.
TRAVEL RUSH TO THE WORLD
Ctrip, China's leading online travel agency, forecasts that some 7 million Chinese tourists will travel to over 500 tourist destinations in more than 90 countries and regions during the upcoming week-long Spring Festival holiday.
According to the China Tourism Academy (CTA), Chinese nationals made 5.5 billion domestic trips and 140 million outbound trips in 2018, marking a year-on-year increase of 10.76 percent and 13.5 percent, respectively.
Shanghai-based online travel agency Lvmama predicts that prices for domestic tours would surge by 30-50 percent during the Golden Week travel and those for outbound tours are to be 10 percent higher than off-season prices.
The CTA's latest report said Chinese spent 5.13 trillion yuan (755.8 billion U.S. dollars) on domestic travel in 2018, representing a year-on-year increase of 12.3 percent.
Agencies including Ctrip and Lvmama said 70 percent of Chinese would travel with families during the Spring Festival holiday, giving impetus to hotels to upgrade facilities and service for attracting family travelers.
On the first day of the travel rush, Hoang Tuyen, a Vietnamese doing business in southwest China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, took the Nanning-Hanoi international train to go back to his home.
"The train service has become the first choice for Vietnamese traveling to China," he said.
The broadcasts on the train are made in both Chinese and Vietnamese. Chinese attendants on the train can speak Vietnamese and English.
The train service on the 396-km long railway that opened in 2009 was China's second international train service after the Beijing-Moscow train service. Wei Feng, the train conductor, said the train will add two more train cars to cope with the increased passenger flow during the travel rush.
Over 100,000 Vietnamese nationals are working in the border cities of Pingxiang and Dongxing in Guangxi, as manufacturing enterprises in the border areas offer many jobs.
TWO-WAY RUSH
The Spring Festival travel rush appeared in the 1980s after rural laborers flocked into cities to find jobs amid China's urbanization development. They could afford time and money to go back home once a year for the Spring Festival family reunion.
Wang Zhenghua, the founder of China's largest low-cost carrier Spring Airlines, remembered that people stood in a queue as long as one kilometer in front of the ticket booth in Shanghai's railway station, hoping to get a ticket home ahead of the festival.
"Few people lavished themselves with air tickets to go home when I set up the airline in 2004," he said.
However, tickets for two-way flights during this year's travel rush were booked up three to four months ahead, even though the airlines added 1,600 flights to cope with the travel rush, Wang said.
The travel rush used to refer to an exodus away from cities ahead of the festival and the post-holiday flood of workers into cities. The sharp demand drives up ticket prices.
However, a reverse trend has emerged with increasing family gatherings in big cities, as urban workers found tickets for trips from their hometown to big cities ahead of the festival are much cheaper.
Zhang Lan, who worked at a service center in Shanghai, said her parents will fly from southwest China's Chongqing Municipality to Shanghai to join her during the Spring Festival.
"If I fly back home to Chongqing, I would spend 3,500 yuan on tickets at least. But it only cost 2,400 yuan for both of my parents to come here," she said.
She plans to work during the holiday to save some days off for vacation later. In her spare time, she will take her parents sight-seeing in Shanghai.

The phase one trade deal between the U.S. and China signed in Washington on Wednesday is notable not for what it includes, but for what it omits, according to international trade experts.To get more china business news 2020, you can visit shine news official website.

“Phase one is not a trade agreement but just puts an end to costly escalation that was going nowhere,” said Peter Petri, a professor of international finance at the Brandeis International Business School.

The agreement focuses heavily on a commitment by China for purchases of $200 billion worth of U.S. farm products and other exports, with much less emphasis on the bigger issues standing between the two countries. The two sides also agreed to restart semi-annual meetings to discuss economic reform and dispute resolution.

In a highly unusual move, the administration did not make the actual agreement available ahead of the signing, as is customary — raising some skepticism about the enforcement mechanisms contained in the text. “I’m looking at the technology transfer and intellectual property provisions to see what the specific enforcement mechanisms are. My question is, how is this going to work?” said Dean A. Pinkert, senior counsel at the law firm of Hughes Hubbard & Reed and a former commissioner of the U.S. International Trade Commission.

“The two sides have reached a deal simply by avoiding the difficult issues like intellectual property protection in China,” said Mark Williams, chief Asia economist at Capital Economics. “China has no desire to change the way its economy operates.”

“It doesn’t so far include anything that is related to the entire issues surrounding Huawei, 5G, export controls, or a host of new technologies,” said Jacob Kirkegaard, a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. “More importantly, there is nothing here concerning Chinese subsidies and I think that, in many ways, is the big omission,” he said. “If you’re worried about China as a long-term tech competitor, then clearly the logic of that argument rests with the fact that the Chinese are quote-unquote rigging the system through state-owned subsidies.”

A joint statement issued by Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin and U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said phase two of the deal has been pushed until after the U.S. presidential election in November, further prolonging an economic limbo that has put a chill on business investment and capital expenditures.

“Tariffs have been overwhelmingly bad for the United States. The uncertainty factor they’ve introduced has been extremely negative,” Kirkegaard said.“A lot of the uncertainty that is plaguing businesses about their trade supply chains will continue after this deal,” Yerxa said.

“It seems from the public indications that there’s a lot of work to do on the structural reform items, so it’s going to take time,” Pinkert said. “We don’t really know what the timeline is for phase two.”

White House trade adviser Peter Navarro has not ruled out reimposing future trade sanctions, telling NPR the U.S. has the right to undertake a “proportionate response” to problems or disputes, and the vast majority of tariffs remain in place. Although the White House agreed to cancel a 15 percent tariff on a wide-ranging tranche of consumer goods that had been scheduled to go into effect last month, and tariffs were lowered on $120 billion worth of Chinese goods from 15 percent to 7.5 percent, the deal still leaves 25 percent tariffs on $250 billion of Chinese imports.

“If you’re an industry that’s in any sense dependent on international supply chains, many of your supply chains are probably going to still be subject to tariffs,” Kirkegaard said.

A recent National Bureau of Economic Research paper found a nearly complete pass-through of increased tariff costs, or a collective $51 billion borne by import buyers. Overall, the average tariff level on all Chinese imports only dropped by 2 percentage points, to 19 percent. (Prior to the start of the trade war, it was at 3 percent, according to the Peterson Institute.)

2019 was a dynamic and unpredictable year across the investing and financial services landscapes. With a boatload of uncertainties still adrift in this new year and decade, expect 2020 to be just as tumultuous. Still, it's a great time to be an investor and a market participant. To get more news about bbc news china economy, you can visit shine news official website.

Now, I'm no investment strategist or expert economist, but I am a close observer and commentator on the global economy and markets. I have the privilege and great honor of being the Editor of Investopedia, which gives me some purview and a point of view on these matters.

What will the economy be like in 2020?
The U.S. economy in 2020 will be like a BBQ grill about an hour after you’ve taken the steaks off—still kind of hot, but not blazing. The 2017 tax breaks that companies enjoyed will have worn off by then, and even though the U.S.-China trade war may be on the road to resolution, companies have pulled the reins hard enough in 2019 that it will be tough to jump start growth. The Federal Reserve is more likely to raise interest rates rather than cut them, but if the economy starts to slow dramatically, that may change. In other words, fiscal stimulus in the form of lower rates doesn't seem likely.

The global economy on the other hand, will start to pick up some steam after being in the doldrums the past few years. China’s growth is admittedly slowing, but it is still growing at a better than 6% clip, and the Chinese government is doing whatever it can to keep the furnaces hot. China's neighboring economies should see more growth as low interest rates and a cooling of the trade war continues.

Keep an eye on the U.K. now that PM Johnson has his parliamentary majority. He’ll be opening the vaults at 10 Downing street and spending Great Britain’s way to growth as it Brexits away. Germany, on the other hand, needs to find a way to stop its slowdown and find a path to growth. As Europe's biggest economy, when it drags the whole EU grinds with it.
Not likely in 2020. All the leading economic indicators still have some juice in them, despite the fact that manufacturing and industrial production have been slowing. The resolution of the trade war with China will help boost corporate confidence, and the U.S. consumer remains strong due to a healthy jobs market, low inflation and low gas prices. The economic expansion is getting long in the tooth, but expansions don’t typically die of old age.

Outside the U.S., Germany is teetering on the edge of recession, and that could pull the Eurozone down with it. Christine Lagarde has no fear of economic stimulus, so count on her to do what is necessary to prevent a hard landing in Europe.

Tricolor, the nation’s largest used vehicle retailer focusing on the sale and financing of vehicles to the Hispanic consumer, today announced from the Auto Finance Summit in Las Vegas, NV that it has been named as one of only five winners of the 2019 Auto Finance News Excellence Awards, capturing the Excellence Award for Technology. The award recognizes Tricolor for excellence and innovation in its use of technology over the prior 12 months.To get more auto finance news, you can visit shine news official website.

During that time, Tricolor has continued to integrate and apply Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning, new software platforms, digital marketing strategies, and other IT-related innovations as part of its commitment to transform the $210 billion auto lending industry for Hispanics in the U.S. Tricolor has continued to transform the used auto purchasing and ownership experience for deserving customers through the use of WhatsApp for customer service, new online car buying tools, and cutting edge application of machine learning and AI in underwriting to better serve credit invisible customers.

Recently, the company also launched a new affiliate called Tricolor Insurance, leveraging its proprietary underwriting algorithms and successful scoring strategies to provide affordable, low-monthly premium insurance policies to auto owners.

Tricolor CEO Daniel Chu and company President-COO Don Goin were both speakers at the 2019 Auto Finance Summit and accepted the award at the event. Goin participated on a panel regarding innovative uses of AI and machine learning, while Chu delivered a keynote presentation on how to obtain and retain customer loyalty in the digital age.

“This award is a gratifying validation of the mission of our company – that technology powers our ability to provide underserved customers with affordable access to high quality vehicles and ultimately improve their lives with a path to mainstream financing,” said Tricolor CEO Daniel Chu. “With AI-powered risk and analytics at the core of our business, we are dramatically remaking the used car buying experience in America for the Hispanic consumer.”

Since its founding in 2007, Tricolor has empowered customers by providing access to affordable financing on high quality, certified vehicles in order to enhance the quality of their lives and ultimately help them to build a better future. The company operates 36 dealerships in Texas and California through its Tricolor and Ganas brands. On a combined basis, Tricolor and Ganas have served nearly 50,000 customers and disbursed nearly $1 billion in affordable auto loans by using its proprietary model to segment risk.

Tricolor’s proven and proprietary credit decisioning engine demonstrates its advanced analytical competency and serves as the foundation for a new direct lending model for subprime customers. Its AI-powered segmentation model assesses unique, nontraditional attributes for no credit and low-income consumers in order to assess intent and ability to repay. For more than a decade, Tricolor has successfully scored no file and thin file Hispanics, as evidenced by five well-received ABS securitizations.

Several years ago, Gan Xiaoge travelled the nearly 200 kilometres (124 miles) from Anhui Province in China's east to the capital Beijing in search of work.As an office cleaner, she rode the wave of the country's rapid economic growth and the opportunities it created.To get more China economy news, you can visit shine news official website.

But as that growth cools off, and the prices of key items such as pork rise rapidly following a swine flu epidemic, Gan finds herself among the hundreds of millions of Chinese who are starting to feel the pinch.

"Pork prices have risen so much in recent months and soon I won't be able to afford meat any more. The landlord has also raised my rent from 500 yuan ($71) to 800 yuan ($114), then 1,000 yuan ($142) in three months," Gan told Al Jazeera.China's gross domestic product (GDP) - which measures the total value of all finished goods and services produced in an economy - grew by six percent in the three months leading up to September.

That was a relatively rapid growth rate for a country the size of China - an expansion rate that was more than three times that of the United States over the same period.But it was the slowest growth China has experienced since 1992.

The slowdown is disproportionately hurting people like Gan - migrant workers and those in lower-income groups."There's no protection for us [from rent hikes] and [landlords] can always just find another tenant easily. The salary in Beijing is barely enough to earn a living," Gan said.People in Gan's position are feeling the effects of the slowdown in various ways. One of them is through the job market.

China's official urban unemployment rate stood at 3.61 percent in the third quarter, according to a Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security official quoted by the state Xinhua news agency. It has hovered near or below the four percent mark for years, and that figure puts it roughly in line with the US unemployment rate.But anecdotal evidence points to a growing number of manufacturing companies laying off staff as they suffer from the drop in overseas orders caused by the trade war with the US.

For instance, China's employed persons index - a component of the monthly official manufacturing purchasing managers' index that measures whether factory activity is expanding or contracting - slipped below 47 in August, the first time it had done so since the global financial crisis of 2007-2008. It recovered slightly to 47.3 in October, but any figure below 50 indicates that factories are cutting their headcounts.

But the Chinese economy had been slowing down even before the trade war began last year. One reason for the deceleration was Beijing's attempt to reduce debts and social inequality that had worsened as the government pursued an export-oriented strategy to create world-beating, low-cost industries.

Now, Chinese President Xi Jinping is trying to reverse some of those adverse side effects by reducing China's reliance on exports and making domestic consumers the main engine for growth.

"Beijing is struggling to rebalance growth towards consumer spending, which suggests that any stimulus efforts will remain focused on investment," Diana Choyleva, chief economist at Enodo Economics, wrote in a research note.

"But ultimately, Xi Jinping seems prepared to accept much weaker growth. He cares more about reducing inequality and disarming its threat to [the Chinese Communist Party's] power than about growth and financial markets," Choyleva added.

From rural bank runs to surging consumer indebtedness and an unprecedented bond restructuring, mounting signs of financial stress in China are putting the nation’s policy makers to the test.To get more China finance news, you can visit shine news official website.

Xi Jinping’s government faces an increasingly difficult balancing act as it tries to support the world’s second-largest economy without encouraging moral hazard and reckless spending. While authorities have so far been reluctant to rescue troubled borrowers and ramp up stimulus, the costs of maintaining that stance are rising as defaults increase and China’s slowdown deepens.
Policy makers are attempting to do the “minimum necessary to keep the economy on the rails,” Andrew Tilton, chief Asia-Pacific economist at Goldman Sachs Group Inc., said in a Bloomberg TV interview.

Among China’s most vexing challenges is the deteriorating health of smaller lenders and regional state-owned companies, whose financial linkages risk triggering a downward spiral without support from Beijing. A landmark debt recast proposed this week by Tewoo Group, a state-owned commodities trader, has raised concerns about more financial turbulence in its home city of Tianjin.

Concerns have popped up across the country in recent months, often centered around smaller banks. Confidence in these institutions has waned since May, when regulators seized control of a lender in Inner Mongolia and imposed losses on some creditors. Authorities have since intervened to quell at least two bank runs and orchestrated bailouts for two other lenders.
In its annual Financial Stability Report released this week, China’s central bank described 586 of the country’s almost 4,400 lenders as “high risk,” slightly more than last year. It also highlighted the dangers associated with rising consumer leverage, saying household debt as a percentage of disposable income jumped to 99.9% in 2018 from 93.4% a year earlier.

The PBOC and other regulators have long warned about the risks of excessive corporate debt, which climbed to a record 165% of gross domestic product in 2018, according to Bloomberg Economics.

For now, investors appear to be betting that policy makers can manage the country’s financial risks and keep the economy afloat.

The government’s sale of $6 billion in sovereign dollar debt this week was oversubscribed, while volatility in the Chinese stock market has dropped to the lowest level since early 2018, in part due to optimism over the prospects for a trade deal with the U.S. Yield spreads on the short-term debt of lower-rated Chinese banks relative to AAA peers have narrowed in recent months, a sign that smaller lenders are finding it easier to secure funding.

If you believe that your virtual private network (VPN) is the Fort Knox of the online world that will keep your data safe and private, you may want to think again. Designed to secure connections between networks over the internet and keep a user’s online activities private, VPNs find favour among companies as well as individuals. However, not all VPN platforms are secure.VPN download
“A wrong VPN provider could eavesdrop on a user’s online activity and sensitive information, sell this information on the dark web to adverting agencies, or to intelligence agencies. Using a poorly secured VPN service can expose users to a lot more damage than using no VPN at all," cautions Ritesh Chopra, country manager, consumer business unit at security firm Symantec.
He has a point. In any VPN network, a user’s computer may belong to him or her, but the exit node (remote server) belongs to the VPN provider that chooses the encryption algorithms and VPN protocols. So the security of the server is up to the provider, explains Leonard Sim, head of pre-sales (APAC) at cybersecurity firm Kaspersky. He adds, “You have to trust your provider as much as you trust yourself. You need to know that the provider isn’t sniffing or modifying your traffic, that it doesn’t log everything, and that it uses reliable protocols and strong encryption."
This April, for instance, US government’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) cautioned about VPN applications that were insecurely storing session cookies.
The agency warned that if cybercriminals gain access to a VPN user’s endpoint and extracts the cookies, they can replay the session and bypass other authentication methods.
Nevertheless, the increase in the adoption of VPN—be it for privacy, bypassing ISPs or to gain access to online content available in other countries—has also given rise to a breed of counterfeit VPNs.
On the surface, these VPNs will seem genuine, but in reality they might be logging all user activity, with the intention to sell it to the highest bidders. “Although VPNs remain one of the most effective means of maintaining online privacy, there is a possibility that they too can be hacked, particularly if they are built using any vulnerable, open-source VPN libraries," cautions Venkat Krishnapur, vice-president of engineering and MD at cybersecurity firm McAfee India.Buy VPN
The VORACLE attack is one such example where vulnerability in the VPN protocol was exploited. Tech security researcher Ahamed Nafeez mimicked the attack that targeted VPN tunnels last year.
Krishnapur believes paid VPNs are a better bet as they include features equipped to stop password and data thefts, prevent IP-based tracking and have options to automatically disconnect a user-device from the internet until the VPN connection is restored, and prevent accidental exposure.
Experts believe users should be cautious of VPN services facing regular domain name system (DNS) leaks, connectivity issues and IP leaks as well as those that offer lower levels of encryption. Reading their licence agreement carefully before using them also helps.When comes to the issue of online privacy and security, we suggest to use a VPN, and our recommendation is RitaVPN.Qwer432
http://www.buyvpnservice.net/
https://www.ritavpn.com/blog/5-best-torrent-sites/
https://www.ritavpn.com/blog/popular-adult-site-exposed-user-data/

I wanted to know if I should use a VPN (virtual private network) to connect to my bank website. A service I came across called claims that they will encrypt my connection, but I don't know if they can be trusted or not. What do you think? PS: I love your daily infopackets letters - they are very informative. "unblock websites

This is a good question. When visiting I noted the following statements on their site: "Safer Web gives you an extra layer of security

against Internet hackers. By hiding your IP, we keep your online activity anonymous and private. Using a VPN keeps your browsing activity private and secure."Those statements certainly make it sound like it would be triple secure connecting to your bank, but I suggest otherwise. I'll try to answer that question in depth below; in fact, I'll even answer the question "Should I use a VPN?" as well (even if not connecting to a bank), for those who are considering using a VPN service
How does a VPN Work?

A VPN (virtual private network) is software that connects your computer to another computer (a VPN server) somewhere else in the world. The connection between your computer and the VPN server is encrypted. That is what a VPN is, but a pay-for VPN service offered by a third party is slightly different.

Let's look at an example:

Let's say you purchased a VPN service online. Let's also assume that the VPN service has VPN servers located all over world - and there's even one located in China, which you decide to connect to, for lack of better judgment. So, let's assume you decide to launch Internet Explorer and access in the browser. When you access using your VPN connection, the server in China is asked to carry out that request. From there, which it then relays that information
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Regarding the asterisk in the previous section above (see: connection*): does not use secure http (https) to serve its web pages, the only thing "secure" is your connection between you and the VPN server in China.

In other words, using a VPN to access a non-secure website will only anonymize the traffic between you and the VPN server - should you be worried about being spied upon; it does not provide a secure connection from the VPN server outward UNLESS the connection outward uses https to serve up its web pages . The website will only serve up https webpages if it uses a security certificate (SSL) that has been signed by a certificate authority.When comes to the issue of online privacy and security, we suggest to use a VPN, and our recommendation is RitaVPN.Qwer432
http://www.fastritavpn.com/
http://www.fastvpnproxy.com/
http://www.vpnsnetflix.com/

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